Editorial ethics

Editorial ethics

The European Journal of Management Issues works towards a high standard of editorial ethics.

  1. The Editorial Board adheres to the recommendations by the European Association of Editors and COPE standards for the ethics of scientific publications.
  2. The editorial board of the journal endorses the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki and expects that all research involving human subjects has been carried out by these principles. All research involving human subjects had to be approved by the University Ethics Committee. A copy of the relevant documentation shall be included in the manuscript.
  3. Conflicts of interest of persons directly or indirectly related to the publication of the article or the information it contains are solved by Ukrainian legislation on intellectual property and COPE standards on the principles of ethics of scientific publications (Conflict of Interest Declaration and Author Agreement).
  4. We adhere to the editorial ethics by Publishing Ethics: Web of Science and Academic Research and Elsevier Ethics in Research guidance.


We require authors to report individual authors' contributions to the manuscript. The authors' stated contributions are published in the publication rights transfer agreement. The primary responsibility for full disclosure rests with the author submitting the manuscript. Any cases of publication redundancy (duplication), plagiarism, false data, guest authorship, etc. are an indicator of scientific dishonesty, and all such cases will be identified and relevant institutions will be informed (an author’s place of work, scientific societies, scientific associations, editors, etc.).

The editorial board shall obtain information about the sources of funding of the article, financial contributions of research institutions, scientific associations, and others ("financial disclosure").


By submitting the article for publication, the Author(s) thereby:

  1. Consents to the publication of its full text on the Internet (publishing rights agreement);
  2. Agrees with the recommendations by COPE on the principles of research publication ethics.



  1. Introduction

1.1. Reliability of science is one of its qualitative foundations. Readers shall be assured that Authors present the results of their work in a clear, reliable, and honest manner regardless of the fact whether they are the direct authors of the publication or whether they have had preferential specialized assistance (individuals or legal entities). The openness of information about any part contributing to the preparation of a publication (content connected with material, financial support, etc.) emphasizes the ethical attitude of both researchers and our high editorial standards. This openness is an indication of good practice and social responsibility. A manuscript in peer-reviewed journals is not only a simple way of scientific collaboration, but it also makes a significant contribution to the development of the relevant field of scientific knowledge. Thus, we strive towards standardization of the ethical behavior of all involved in publication parties: Authors, journal Editors, Publishers, and the academic society.

1.2. The Publisher supports and invests in scientific collaboration and is responsible for keeping all modern recommendations to the published article.

1.3. The Publisher strictly supervises academic materials. Our journal programs provide an unbiased "report" on the development of scientific thought and research, so we are also aware of the responsibility to properly present these "reports", especially in terms of the ethical aspects of articles set forth herein.

  1. Responsibilities of Editors

2.1. Decision about publication

Each editor of the academic journal is responsible for deciding on a publication. This decision can be made in collaboration with the corresponding academic society. The credibility of the reviewed manuscript and its academic relevance is the basis for the decision about a publication. The editor follows the policy of the Editorial Board, being limited by legal requirements in relation to libel, copyright, legality, and plagiarism.

Together with other Editors and Reviewers or representatives of the academic society, the Editor may confer a decision about a manuscript.

2.2. Decency and equality

The Editor shall evaluate the intellectual content of manuscripts regardless of race, sex, sexual orientation, religious views, origin, nationality, or political preference of Authors.

2.3. Confidentiality

The Editor and the Editorial Board of the journal shall not declare any information about the manuscript except for Authors, Reviewers, possible Reviewers, academic advisers, and publishers.

2.4. Disclosure policy and conflicts of interest

2.4.1. Unpublished material from the reviewed manuscripts is not allowed to be used in personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas obtained during the review process and related to possible benefits shall be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.

2.4.2. Editors may refuse to review manuscripts (namely by requesting a Co-Editor, Associate Editor or collaborating with other members of the Editorial Board in reviewing the work instead of reviewing and deciding by themselves) in case of conflicts of interest as a result of competitive, collaborative and other interactions and relations with Authors, companies, and other organizations related to a manuscript.

2.5. Control of publications

The Editor shall inform the Publisher (and/or the corresponding academic society) about erroneous statements or conclusions in the manuscript by providing convincing evidence with a view to prompt notification of changes, retraction of the article, expression of concern, and other appropriate statements of the situation.

2.6. Research involvement and collaboration

The Editor and Publisher (or academic society) shall take an adequate response in case of ethical complaints about published materials or reviewed manuscripts. Such measures include cooperation with the authors of the manuscript and argumentation of a corresponding complaint or demand; they may also rely on cooperation with corresponding organizations and academic societies.

  1. Responsibilities of Reviewers

3.1. Influence on the decision of the Editorial board

Reviewing helps the Editor to make a decision about the manuscript and, by collaboration with the Authors, it may also help the author to improve the quality of the manuscript. Reviewing is an essential component of formal scientific communications, it is the “heart” of the scientific approach. The Publisher shares the view that all scientists who want to contribute to a publication are obliged to do the essential work of reviewing the manuscript.

3.2. Executive functions

Any selected Reviewer who feels insufficiently qualified to review a manuscript or has not enough time for reviewing shall inform the Editor and ask to be excluded.

3.3. Confidentiality

Any manuscript received for review shall be considered a confidential document. The reviewed manuscript cannot be opened and discussed with any person not authorized by the Editor.

3.4. Manuscript requirements and objectivity

Reviewers shall give an objective appraisal of results. The personal critic is unacceptable. Reviewers shall express their opinions clearly and reasonably.

3.5. Acknowledgement of source materials

Reviewers shall identify relevant research works that have not been cited by the Authors. Any statement (observation, conclusion, or argument) previously published shall be accompanied by the relevant citation. A Reviewer shall also call the editor’s attention to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper within the Reviewer's scientific competence.

3.6 Disclosure Policy and Conflicts of Interest

3.6.1. Unpublished materials obtained from the manuscripts submitted for review shall not be used in personal research without the written consent of the Author.  Information or ideas obtained in the course of reviewing and related to possible benefits shall be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.

3.6.2. Reviewers shall not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions related to the submitted work.

  1. Responsibilities of Authors

4.1. Requirements for manuscripts

4.1.1. The Authors of the original research shall present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data shall be represented accurately in the manuscript. The manuscript shall contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. False or deliberately erroneous statements are perceived as unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

4.1.2. Reviews and scientific articles shall also be accurate and objective, and the point of view of the Editorial Board shall be clearly stated.

4.2. Data access and storage

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with the manuscript for editorial review and shall be prepared to provide public access to such data (according to ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and, in any case, they shall be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

4.3. Originality and Plagiarism

4.3.1. Authors shall ensure that the work submitted is original, and if Authors have used the work and/or words by others, it shall be appropriately cited or quoted.

4.3.2. Plagiarism can exist in many forms, from presenting someone else's article as the author’s own article to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of others’ articles (without attribution), to claiming their own rights to the results of someone else's research. All forms of plagiarism are unethical and unacceptable.

4.4. Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

4.4.1. As a general matter, the Author shall not publish a manuscript, mostly dealing with the same research, in more than one journal as an original publication. Submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time is perceived as unethical behavior and unacceptable.

4.4.2. As a general matter, the Author shall not submit a previously published article to another journal for consideration.

4.4.3. Publication of a particular type of an article (e.g. translated articles) in more than one journal is sometimes ethical provided certain conditions are met. The Authors and Editors of the journals concerned shall not agree to the secondary publication, which reflects the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference shall be cited in the second publication. 

4.5. Acknowledgement of Source materials

The contributions of others shall always be acknowledged. Authors shall cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as through conversations, correspondence, or discussions with third parties, shall not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained from confidential sources, such as manuscript evaluations or grants, shall not be used without the clear written permission of the authors of the work relating to confidential sources.

4.6. Authorship of the manuscript

4.6.1. Only persons who have made a significant contribution to the conception of the work, development, execution or interpretation of the submitted research can be Authors of the publication. All those who have made significant contributions shall be listed as Co-authors. If there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they shall be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

4.6.2. The Author shall ensure that all participants who have made a substantial contribution to the study are represented as Contributors and those who have not participated in the study are not listed as Contributors, that all Contributors have seen and approved the final version of the article and have agreed to submit it for publication.

4.7. Risks and Human or Animal Subjects

4.7.1. If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the Author shall clearly identify these facts in the manuscript.

4.7.2. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author shall ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) approved them. The manuscript shall clearly reflect that informed consent was obtained from all human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects shall always be observed.

4.8. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

4.8.1. All Authors shall disclose in their manuscripts any financial or other existing conflicts of interest that may be perceived to have influenced the results or conclusions presented in their manuscripts.

4.8.2. Examples of potential conflicts of interest which shall be disclosed include employment, consultancies, share ownership, charge fees, provided experts evaluation, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest shall be disclosed as early as possible.

4.9. Fundamental errors in published works

When the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in a published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the Editor of a journal and cooperate with the Publisher to retract or correct the manuscript. If the Editor or the publisher learns from a third party that the published work contains a significant error, the author is obliged to retract the manuscript or correct the errors as soon as possible.

  1. Responsibilities of Publisher

5.1. The Publisher shall follow policies and procedures that promote ethical duties on the part of Editors, Reviewers, and Authors of the journal in accordance with these requirements. The Publisher shall be assured that potential profits from advertising or reprint production have not influenced the Editors' decisions.

5.2. The Publisher shall support journal editors in the review of complaints raised concerning ethical issues and help to collaborate with other journals and/or Publishers if this facilitates the performance of the Editors' duties.

5.3. The Publisher shall promote good research practices and implement industry standards to improve ethical guidelines, retraction procedures, and error correction.

5.4. The Publisher shall provide appropriate specialist legal support (opinion or advice) if necessary.

Plagiarism Policy

The editorial board considers the presence of plagiarism unacceptable. The Journal considers the use of ideas and works by others without proper citation to be an unfair and dishonest activity. Copying at least one sentence from someone else's publication and also from your own previously published work without proper citation is considered plagiarism even if you use your own words instead of the original ones. The Editorial Board reserves the absolute right to reject the review process of a submitted manuscript if it contains small or significant borrowings from other publications without proper citation and may cancel the publication upon the complaint of plagiarism.

When dealing with cases of possible misconduct, the journal follows the ethics schemes developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The journal documents all incidents of scientific dishonesty especially violations of ethical principles followed in science.

On rare occasions, when the scientific information in an article is substantially undermined, it may be necessary for published articles to be retracted. The journal follows the COPE policy in such cases. The article that has undergone a retraction procedure remains indexed and is linked to the original article (See Retraction of publications).

The journal provides free, immediate, and permanent online access to the full text of all articles. All Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and copying by any means that provides proper citation of the original article.

Drawing up the publication ethics policy of the journal, the Editorial Board followed the recommendations by:

- Elsevier publisher (download PDF);

- Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE); (Retraction of Publications: Guidelines - Russian version, English version);

The European Association of Science Editors (EASE) (Download Conflicts of Interest), (Download Recommendations), (Download Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors).

This statement on ethical publishing is based on the guidelines and standards developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and includes the respective responsibilities of authors, reviewers, and editors.