External labor migration from Ukraine: causes, scale, consequences
Purpose – to study the causes and consequences of migration processes.
The results of the study. This article presents the results of an analysis of the dynamics and current state of labor migration processes in Ukraine. The authors evaluated the impact of international labor migration on the country's economy. The causes of labor migration, its positive and negative consequences are characterized. This study examines and summarizes the global experience in regulating external migration flows to foreign countries. The authors suggested directions for improving the system of regulation of external labor migration, as well as measures to promote on its of use as an important element of economic development based on the analysis.
Practical implications. The results of this paper can become the basis for the formation of migration policy of Ukraine according with European standards.
Originality/Value. This paper is expanded of the concept of the main directions and the principles of state migration policy, which the government of Ukraine must adhere to when forming it, has been.
Research limitations/Future research. It is advisable to direct further research towards a quantitative analysis of the composition, structure and national characteristics of labor migrants.
Paper type – empirical.
Berbenets, O. (2012). Labor migration problems and their solutions. Effective Economy, 10. Retrieved from: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=4450.
Bjerre, L., Helbling, M., Römer, F., & Zobel, M. (2015). Conceptualizing and measuring immigration policies: A comparative perspective. International Migration Review, 49(3), 555–600. doi:10.1111/imre.12100.
Détang-Dessendre, C., Partridge, M. D., & Piguet, V. (2016). Local labor market flexibility in a perceived low migration country: The case of French labor markets. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 58, 89–103. doi:10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2016.03.003.
International migrant stock: The 2017 revision (N/a). Access Mode : https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates19.asp. (looked at 11.04.2019).
Libanova, E. M. (2018). External labor migration of ukrainians: Scale, Causes, Consequences. Demography and Social Economy, 2(33), 11–26. doi:10.15407/dse2018.02.011.
The great migration: no one in Ukraine knows how many of our compatriots have moved abroad. (June 20, 2018). Retrieved from: https://voxukraine.org/ru/bolshaya-migratsiya-pochemu-nikto-v-ukraine-ne-znaet-skolko-nashih-grazhdan-vyehalo-za-granitsu/.
Onyshchuk, Y., Zubar, I. (2018). Foreign migration of labor resources as an obstacle to sustainable economic development of Ukraine. Eсonomy. Finanсes. Management: Topical issues of science and practical activity, Ukrainian Scientific and Production Journal, 5 (33), 37-50.
Smit, R. (2001). The impact of labor migration on african families in South Africa: yesterday and today. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 32(4), 533–548. doi:10.3138/jcfs.32.4.533.
Stark, O. (1995). Return and dynamics: the path of labor migration when workers differ in their skills and information is asymmetric. The Scandinavian Journal Of Economics, 97(1), 55-71. doi:10.2307/3440829.
State Staitstics Service of Ukraine (2019). Official Website. Access mode: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua. (looked at 03.04.2019).
World Bank Data (2019). Official Website. Access mode: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator. (looked at 18.04.2019).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The authors agree with the following conditions:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors have the right to complete individual additional agreements for the non-exclusive spreading of the journal’s published version of the work (for example, to post work in the electronic repository of the institution or to publish it as part of a monograph), with the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal.
3. Journal’s politics allows and encourages the placement on the Internet (for example, in the repositories of institutions, personal websites, SSRN, ResearchGate, MPRA, SSOAR etc.) manuscript of the work by the authors, before and during the process pf viewing it by this journal, because it can lead to a productive research discussion and positively affect the efficiency and dynamics of citing the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).