Examining the Influence of Human Resource Development Practices on Organizational Commitment of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises

Keywords: HRD Practices, Organizational Commitment, Manufacturing Sector, Service Sector, SMEs


Purpose: Human resource development (HRD) practices are linked to greater corporate commitment. This paper aims to investigate how human resource development practices influence organizational commitment.

Design/Method/Approach: Data were collected from 65 SMEs of which 30 were small-sized enterprises while 35 were medium-sized enterprises. A standardized questionnaire was used. SEM was employed in testing the model and hypothesis.

Findings: The findings show that the levels of affective commitment were significantly influenced by HRD practices. A significant influence of HRD practices on the levels of continuance commitment was observed. A non-significant influence of HRD practices on the levels of normative commitment was reported.

Theoretical Implications: The study lends credence to the contention of enhancing organizational commitment and makes a case for additional research on the relationship between HRD practices and organizational commitment.

Practical Implications: The study will aid SMEs in developing workplace strategies, policies and practices that can immensely improve employee loyalty, fulfillment and satisfaction and inordinately enhance organizational sustainability, retention and productivity.

Originality/Value: This study extends the literature by demonstrating empirically that HRD practices influence organizational commitment.

Research Limitations/Future Research: The study was conducted in small and medium-scale enterprises, and the analysis was based on cross-sectional data that could not be applied to a wider variety of industries.

Paper Type: Empirical

JEL Classification: O14, O15, P13


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How to Cite
Otoo, F. N. K. (2022). Examining the Influence of Human Resource Development Practices on Organizational Commitment of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises. European Journal of Management Issues, 30(4), 195-204. https://doi.org/10.15421/192217
Business Development, Leadership and Management