Risk assessment for the national economy as a result of the specific foreign investors’ motivations
At the present stage of globalization, extremely important is the problem of attracting foreign investments. In the world in general and in Ukraine in particular, competition intensifies due to the growing demand of national economies in investment resources, and the issue is more acute of forming efficient mechanism for attracting foreign investments. Despite numerous studies of famous scientists, the problem of motivation of investment activity is still not fully explored. Not enough studied but worth attention is the issue of assessment of the risk caused by specific motivation of foreign investors for the national economy, and the development of recommendations for improving the management of investment activity in order to avoid or reduce possible negative effect of foreign investments.
The purpose of writing this article is the assessment of risk caused by specific motivations of foreign investors for the state, and the development of recommendations for their avoidance or reduction by the analysis and systematization of the main motivations of foreign investors and the forms of realization of investment projects.
The article analyzes the main motives and demotivators in the implementation of foreign investments while they are organized by main classification features. In the result of the analysis of existing approaches to the classification of forms and valid legislation, the author singled out and grouped the main forms of realization of investment projects.
Based on the analysis of the classifications of the motivations and forms of realization of investment projects, we assessed the risks for the state, caused by specific motivations of foreign investors, and formed recommendations on their avoidance or reduction.
The scientific novelty of the work consists in establishing interrelation between specific motives of foreign investors and the forms of implementation of their investment projects. Not a less important element of scientific novelty is a risk assessment for the state of the inflow of foreign capital caused by specific motivations of investors.
Practical results of the work consist in forming recommendations on improving management of investment activities, taking into account of which will help to avoid or reduce possible negative consequences of the influx of foreign capital.
A promising direction for further research into the topic of this work can be considered the improvement in the mechanism of management of investment activities at the state and regional levels.
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